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Why is zakah 2.5%?

Discussion in 'Religious Education' started by Angek, Jun 17, 2011.

  1. Hi guys, seemingly small with all thats going on - but I need to know! I gather it is in a hadith but I cant find more out than that - please can you help?

    Cheers x
     
  2. Hi guys, seemingly small with all thats going on - but I need to know! I gather it is in a hadith but I cant find more out than that - please can you help?

    Cheers x
     
  3. The Qur'an states that zakat must be paid.As with many areas, the Qur'an gives us the nuts and bolts, then Hadiths put the meat on the bones, so to speak!
    Bukhari tends to be the Hadiths that expand on zakat. Basically the requirement is 1/40th, which is equal to 2.5% on the wealth that is accountable.

    [/URL]Volume 2, Book 24, Number 534: [/i]
    Narrated Anas:
    When Abu Bakr; sent me to (collect the Zakat from) Bahrein, he wrote to me the following:-- (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful). These are the orders for compulsory charity (Zakat) which Allah's Apostle had made obligatory for every Muslim, and which Allah had ordered His Apostle to observe: Whoever amongst the Muslims is asked to pay Zakat accordingly, he should pay it (to the Zakat collector) and whoever is asked more than that (what is specified in this script) he should not pay it; for twenty-four camels or less, sheep are to be paid as Zakat; for every five camels one sheep is to be paid, and if there are between twenty-five to thirty-five camels, one *** Makhad is to be paid; and if they are between thirty-six to forty-five (camels), one *** Labun is to be paid; and if they are between forty-six to sixty (camels), one Hiqqa is to be paid; and if the number is between sixty-one to seventy-five (camels), one Jadh'a is to be paid; and if the number is between seventy-six to ninety (camels), two *** Labuns are to be paid; and if they are from ninety-one to one-hundred-and twenty (camels), two Hiqqas are to be paid; and if they are over one-hundred and-twenty (camels), for every forty (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one *** Labun is to be paid, and for every fifty camels (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one Hiqqa is to be paid; and who ever has got only four camels, has to pay nothing as Zakat, but if the owner of these four camels wants to give something, he can. If the number of camels increases to five, the owner has to pay one sheep as Zakat. As regards the Zakat for the (flock) of sheep; if they are between forty and one-hundred-and-twenty sheep, one sheep is to be paid; and if they are between one-hundred-and-twenty to two hundred (sheep), two sheep are to be paid; and if they are between two-hundred to three-hundred (sheep), three sheep are to be paid; and for over three-hundred sheep, for every extra hundred sheep, one sheep is to be paid as Zakat. And if somebody has got less than forty sheep, no Zakat is required, but if he wants to give, he can. For silver the Zakat is one-fortieth of the lot (i.e. 2.5%), and if its value is less than two-hundred Dirhams, Zakat is not required, but if the owner wants to pay he can.'
     
  4. durgamata

    durgamata Occasional commenter

    I have emailed some Muslim friends about this and the Muslim Quotes thread.


    Here is the first reply I've had -


    Peace be upon you,


    I hope you are well.


    If by why - you would mean why not 10% or why not 5% then I am not immediatly aware to scholarly response to that. It would have been established from a hadith - unfortunately this escapes me.


    Here is an article that discusses a general overview of zakat:

    http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=1512&CATE=5


    Another discussing an approach to zakat

    http://qa.sunnipath.com/issue_view.asp?HD=1&ID=2361&CATE=5
     
  5. durgamata

    durgamata Occasional commenter

    Hi Guys


    I have uploaded a few files about Zakat into a resource I've named The Five Pillars of Islam.


    The file about the Five Pillars is basically copied from Wikki but I have added a few practical details from my own experience of teaching during the month of Ramadan. How to support students who are fasting - and how to respond to any students who say that they can't stay for detention because they're fasting.
     
  6. There are actually different percentages depending on whether it is land, cattle, goods or wealth. 2.5% is the wealth one, so most commonly used today.

    From a Muslim point of view it would be because Allah tells them in the Qur'an and through scholars in the Hadith. In the same way as why no pork, or circumcision- it is a commandment.

    A social historian might argue that it is linked to the Jewish 10% tithing, as most early Muslims would be of Jewish heritage (or some Christian). So like the Christian move of the Sabbath to Sunday, the tithing was changed slightly.
     
  7. As I explained earlier, it is in the Qur'an - expanded upon in Hadith. Simple as!
    One makes an assumption that as this was the only question the OP had, that they are aware of the idfferences in rates of zakat and who is liable to pay and indeed receive zakat.
    And this is from a Muslim point of view!!![​IMG]
     
  8. Thanks to everyone foryour replies - all much appreciated and helpful! Hoorah!

    Have a great Sunday! x
     
  9. Sorry I meant as opposed to a historical point of view. For example the Halal/Kosher issue- an anthropologist/social historian will say it is to do with how food was kept and transported and the nomadic lifestyle, whereas from a Muslim/Jewish perspective it is because of a command from God.
     

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