My understanding is that all vacancies have to be advertised in the Education Gazette, but some 'minor' internal appointments don't have to be. However, just because a job is advertised doesn't mean there is a vacancy. Some adverts will say 're-graded'. An example of this may be when someone is going part-time from full-time. Or, someone is picking up some extra responsibility units. You may also see some 'incumbent applying' adverts as well, this will (generally) be someone on a fixed term contract moving to a full term. Or similar. Additionally and anecdotally there is an element of 'not-what-you-know-but-who-you-know' in teaching in NZ. Especially in some of the urban centres, so you may struggle to get your CV seen if you are appyling for jobs in some places. Rural schools are a bit different... And some subjects are in shortage (hard materials, maths, physics, computer science...) and others have an over supply (PE....), there aren't many SEN specific roles anywhere.. etc etc etc. There have also been one or two occasions when I've rung up about a job, only to find the spec has been written with someone in mind. (In one instance, someone with a very similar CV to mine...) Again, I would stress this is my understanding and based on my experience. I had a speculative email and CV the other day in my inbox. The response I gave was along the lines of 'Any vacancies will be advertised in the Education Gazette as/ when they arise. We are not currently recruiting.' Realistically, if you teach a shortage subject and are willing to live somewhere rural, then chances are you will get a job. If you want to live in a big (by our standards) town, and don't teach a shortage subject then you will find it harder. Couple of tips- ring up about the job and speak directly to someone. Post a hard copy of your CV/ letter and application form where you can. Don't expect a response, it is unlikely to be forthcoming. Which is deeply frustrating and rude, but that's how it goes here. Tailor your application letter to the school, don't use a round robin letter. Bookmark the Education Gazette vacancies page and keep applying.