Recently attended an inservice on this topic that was really useful: - First, teach that inference is what is shown, not what is told, eg. Joe had tears rolling down his cheeks, not Joe was sad. - Then, identify any clues in your background knowledge and connections (to self/world/other texts) on the topic. - Next, identify the text clues, such as key vocabulary and ideas of importance. - Finally, you combine the two to draw an inference. Our instructor recommended starting with oral language exercises and drama, using think alouds in shared reading, linking emotions and characters with 'show don't tell' statements, and using a sentence of the day to determine the inference.