Norway is not in the CU. Funnily enough it appears May is a quite massive opponent of Norway. If you read this from The Guardian, it is pretty obvious why: What does membership of the European Economic Area provide? EEA membership gives Norway full access to the EU’s internal market, allowing it to trade goods with EU states without customs fees, except food and drinks which are subsidised by the EU. Iceland and Liechtenstein are also members of the EEA. In return for that access Norway is obliged to implement all the EU’s laws relating to the internal market. As a result, Norway has had to implement about three-quarters of all EU legislation, including the working time directive. What say does Norway have over EU rules? None. Norway has representatives in EU institutions, but they have no decision-making power in how EU rules are drafted. The country has been granted participation rights, but no voting rights, in several of the union’s programmes, bodies and initiatives, including the European Defence Agency, Frontex, Europol and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. We pay, but have no say: that’s the reality of Norway’s relationship with the EU Espen Barth Eide Read more Is the Norway option cheaper? Yes, but not by much. In 2012, Norway was paying €340m (£245m) a year into the EU budget – the tenth-highest contributor. The thinktank Open Europe estimates that the UK would pay 94% of its current costs (£31.4bn annually) if it left the EU but adopted a Norway-type arrangement. What about immigration? The UK has more control over its borders than Norway, which is part of the Schengen border-free area. As a result, Norway has higher per capita immigration than the UK. However, as a signatory to the agreement, it does have a say in how it operates.