I have been thinking a lot recently about behaviour management and at the final stage of this in schools seems to be internal/external exclusion. I understand that by the time the school gets to the point of permanently excluding a student they have tried a range of different strategies but what are the benefits for anyone in permanent exclusion? The school may benefit from having that student removed, other than that, the student suffers from being excluded, has to either settle into a new school (probably upsetting/missing learning), the family are left to now find the student a new school or Pupil Referral Unit and the Pupil Referral Unit now have one more student to work with. Things have changed a lot in the last 30 years but I know many adults whose lives went downhill when they were excluded from school. Is there another way to deal with really difficult students? Are we really supporting them in the best way possible. Now, don't get me wrong, it is awful to watch a whole classes learning suffer from the misbehaviour of one student and this misbehaviour needs to be dealt with severely but what other safety nets could be put in place to help these students? Is there enough support and investigation into the root cause of the misbehaviour? The other side of this is, should we be forcing students who do not fit into the school environment to continue in education until 16? Do you think it would be better if they could be offered apprenticeships or practical work/study opportunities? I would value your thoughts and discussions! Thank you.