The question needs to be put to ofqual: When you say the "proper" grade boundaries were applied in June, do you mean...? a. You have looked at the quality of pupils' work and whether it met the criteria for the grades? b. You have looked at the statistical curve of how many got each grade and used this to fix the grade boundaries by "cohort referencing"? The suspicion is that the answer is b. But they need to answer the question.