A question I've come across numerous times. It seems students are less willing to pull their fingers out for non-AfL stuff. How to stop this attitude? I'm a cover supervisor at the moment; doing my PGCE in September. I try to have a mix between penalising poor effort (which can be hard to measure when I don't know their abilities and I often don't even get an "all/most/some") and giving merits for good effort. I do try and award on effort- I know there are some students who can pull out high level work with less effort than a lower ability student could produce a medium level piece of work- but as I've said, there are pitfalls in this approach and I worry I miss things. Is it something that will fall away when I have my own classes? What techniques can I employ to make sure students put in the same level of work in an assessment driven piece of work as opposed to a non-assessment piece? I did think something based on the American system, where every piece is graded and an average worked out across the year? Maybe comparable to AfL marking? But that did strike me as possibly unrealistic. And now I'm waffling.... All ideas welcome- many thanks in advance!