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Help please with social stories for behaviour

Discussion in 'Special educational needs' started by misscheeseburger, Feb 5, 2012.

  1. misscheeseburger

    misscheeseburger New commenter

    I work in a mainstream junior school and am having difficulties with the behaviour of an autistic pupil in my class of 30. I have no support. He is having difficulties following expectations for behaviour towards others - often hits out at other pupils and insults them and is becoming physical with staff - pushing, grabbing and shouting right in our faces. Any requests and reminders of the school rules are met with refusal and statement that they do not apply to him. He regularly storms out of class with a backward insult and slams the door. Now to the rest of the class he appears daily to get away with open defiance which is affecting their behaviour.
    I want to create a social story to work towards acceptance of the rules and consequences. Any advice or pointers would be greatly appreciated.


     
  2. Just out of interest, is there a quiet room available for him to go to at times when he is losing his temper? I work in a special school and each building has a designated quiet room where students can go if the classroom is getting too much for them (then again, almost all of our students have autism and have times when they need to just escape the situation they are in but I am sure a makeshift quiet room could be created in mainstream). If he does have the use of this room, I think a social story sounds like a good idea along the lines of, "Sometimes, in class, I (or pupil's name depending on whether he sees himself in the first or third person) can become stressed/anxious. When this happens, I/name need to leave the classroom to go to the quiet room to calm down. I need to do this instead of hitting other people as hitting other people makes them sad (sometimes with a sad face symbol depending on how severe their impairment in this area is)". This is what we use with our high functioning autistic students, some of whom are a similar age to your student. If there is not a quiet room in use, perhaps one could be set up as it sounds like, when he is leaving the classroom, this is his way of trying to let you know that he is not coping in the classroom. Good luck and I hope things settle down soon.
     
  3. languageisheartosay

    languageisheartosay Occasional commenter

    If you have any cash, Black Sheep have a new resource which addresses lots of classroom behaviours with pictures to talk about. Of course someone has to do the work but it could fit PSHE as well. Agree about time out place.

     
  4. paulmarkj

    paulmarkj New commenter

    Keep it simple - the first step is to get him to realise that cooperating is beneficial. Think of children with Autism as having much noise and distraction in their heads, and they can't hear you properly. So think of this analogy:
    If you were in a very very noisy factory where you could hardly be heard, you wouldn't say "Josh, do you fancy a cup of tea now or do you want one later?" You would say/shout "JOSH - TEA?"
    So keep it simple and emphasise the main words.
    Stories and instructions in the third person often help, eg if your pupil is called Josh then:
    "Josh should be sitting" or even "Josh, sitting"
    "Josh is angry. Why is josh angry?"
    Include reward and consequence:
    Page 1: "Josh likes pokemon."
    Page 2: "If Josh sits, he can have Pokemon at the end of the lesson."
    Page 3: "If Josh does not sit, he won't have Pokemon"
    Keep the story fo about 6 pages max.
    Page 1: "Josh likes pokemon."
    Page 2: "If Josh is good, he can have Pokemon at the end of the lesson."
    Page 3: "Sometime Josh is angry."
    Page 4: "If Josh is angry, he can sit on the blue chair."
    Page 5: "If Josh hits, he won't have Pokemon"
    Try (as well or instread of the story) an A4 laminated paper with 3 pics of Pokemon velcroed on. Each time Josh refuses, take one pic off. When all pics have gone, say ""no Pokemon. Josh Josh has not sat down" - (I kow it has negatives, but in this case, we are showing the negative)
    At the end of the lesson, show story or A4 sheet and say either "Josh has been good, so he gets Pokemon" "No pokemon for Josh. Josh has not sat down".
    Really emphasise the main words eg: "JOSH (has been) GOOD" - it will sound very exagerrated, he needs to here the main words
    Make sure all staff use the story and read it as written - he must get used to the same instruction including intonation - which should be simple and clear.
    Repeat and be patient. It may take many attempts before he understands. Inroads may be little by little: first get him to sit for 5 minutes and then he gets a reward (so that he can learn the reward, then 10 minutes etc). I have a pupil and all I expect is from him is to stay in the room (and not work) but he is learning that he can earn a reward by following my instructions. Next, he will have to work for 5 minutes to get a reward. Use sand timers.
    Obviously the actual rewards, timings and words will depend on the ability of of the pupil.
    Good luck. It takes time, but I have used this effectively many times.
     
  5. You would need to be more specific on which areas / behaviour you want to work on and the level of understanding the child has but if you give me your email address I have a few that I could send you to give you an idea.
    The important thing with social stories is not to overload them with too much information in one story and to use them to explain rather than direct.
    For something like not shouting out I could end up with a few covering stories different aspects of this such as why it is important to listen to people when they are talking, what to do if you want to speak, how to wait (!), explaining that the teacher needs to give everyone a chance to speak, that more that one person can have the same thought (so if someone answers with the same answer they haven't 'stole' it), that even if you put your hand up the teacher might not come to you straight away (otherwise there can be outrage that they did the 'right' thing but still didn't get to talk) - I'd break these down into a collection of simple stories rather than have too much in one story.
     
  6. Request that the parent of the student hire an educational assistant to take the child out of the class (perhaps to the library, playground, counselor, computer room, etc.) to a different setting until they settle down. This will enable the child to focus on something else and allow the class to continue un-interrupted by his/her outbursts. This method is used in my elementary school and works for me. I have seven (7) special ed students; three austitic, each with an aide to help in the regular class as well as the specialist room. I have a total of 10, each coming and going in a pullout session but allowed to come during outburst from the regular classes. My room is also used by "regular", students who disrupt their regular class. When they come, class continues without further disruption by the students who are already there plus the new ones who entered.
     
  7. That's a very supportive attitude you have there!
     
  8. That's a very supportive attitude you have there!
     
  9. Hi it sounds as though your young person might benefit from introduction to the 5 point scale. Google Incredible 5 point scale or Kari Dunn Buron. I have introduced it to many children in the mainstream settings I support. It involves the child engaging in the analysis and understanding of their behaviour in conjunction with teaching calming strategies. You might also want to look at the Motivation Assessment Scale (MAS)which you can google and download free, also videos about it on You Tube. This helps in the identification of what the behaviour is trying to tell you. with this info and perhaps also filing in ABC charts you can identify the problem, create a more focussed social story and behaviour plan. Hope this is useful. I'm head of an ASD base in a special school and part of the school's outreach team so know this won't be easy to do with everything else you need to do and juggle but it might save you a headache later on.[​IMG]
     
  10. If you go to Widgit website you can download a trial version of Symwriter which will let you write your own stories with symbols. May help with getting the message across too.
    https://download.widgit.com/trial/


     

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