DfE is urging PayPal to block firms whose "Study support" crosses the line into bought answers (cheating / plagiarism) [https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-47629043]. Good intentions perhaps, but I can't help feeling this is a 19th Century solution to a 21st Century issue. Back in the day of powerful national government, you could ban things or make them more difficult to operate until they became the preserve of criminal gangs or just lost their profitability and slunk away. But those days aren't here now. Yes PayPal can block the providers receiving money thru PayPal, but so what? Other payment services exist, and demand for the product (service) continues. Individual firms can be subjected to resistance, but as an online service, they can merely set up somewhere beyond the jurisdiction and reach of any individual national government. So, why not look at the foundation of the demand. Some students want to cheat their way to better grades (for whatever reason). Grades are dependant on assessments, and it is these assessments that are vulnerable to cheating. So change the assessments. Essay writing is a skill largely inapplicable to most careers, though an easy way to verify understanding of a concept (assuming no cheating). Is it time then to divorce ourselves from the love of the written essay? Replace it with something that can't be bought in - collaborative projects, research briefs where various stages are seen by assessors and the direction reviewed in collaboration with the student > assessing the process not the end result (in of itself a more useful skill to develop anyway). I'm sure there are other options beyond my immediate imagination on a Wednesday morning. If there is no essay to write, there is no essay to buy.