Hi there I was wondering if anyone who teaches AQA Philosophy had any comments to make on January 2012 Reason and Experience O1 ?Outline and illustrate the view that certainty is confined to introspection and the tautological? (15 marks). For me this reflects something of a common problem in the examination of AS Philosophy, namely the over-complication of questions, using in this case language lifted from the map to specification which then has no explanation whatsoever in the relevant section of the AQA endorsed text book where the words tautological and introspection are not found at all to my knowledge. (Note: Introspection is in Section 2 and tautological does not even make the Index!). My concern about this specific question is that a precise understanding of these words is crucial to accessing the question in any meaningful way. Students who lacked those definitions were left with the word "certainty" to try and work out what the question was driving at. This is yet another example of the failure of the text book to adequately or in this case fail to explain key concepts specific to the relevant topic being examined and as I said above, another case of the needless over-complication of questions which only succeeds in panicking students at the start of the exam and leaves them floundering their way through the rest of the exam. What do you think?