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Activities for writing - fine motor skills

Discussion in 'Early Years' started by Brooke11, Oct 19, 2009.

  1. If it isn't too much trouble could I have a list too please. email jillk1@hotmail.co.uk. Many thanks

  2. smiley786

    smiley786 New commenter

  3. gillian2974

    gillian2974 New commenter

    would you be able to mail me a copy of the list too?

  4. gillian2974

    gillian2974 New commenter

  5. Hello
    I would like to ask where did you get this list from?
    I worked in a MOntessori school and much of it is the same as this.
    I would appreciate 'THE LIST' also of skill developing activities.
  6. Msz

    Msz Established commenter

    My list or Minxy's?
  7. Hi Minxy

    If you have time would you email me a list please. Enjoy your half term!

  8. inky

    inky Lead commenter

    Do what I did and print it out. [​IMG]
  9. inky

    inky Lead commenter

    Whoops wrong list but does it matter?
  10. I am a teaching assistant who from Sept will be responsible for developing handwriting in Early Years. I'm looking for fun activities/exercises to engage the children and develop their gross motor and fine motor skills before they start picking up a pencil to write in their books. I'd be grateful for any ideas. My email is macfarlane59@hotmail.com.
  11. Msz

    Msz Established commenter

    Fine Motor Skills
    Things to remember:
    Upright working surfaces promote fine motor skills. Examples of these are: vertical
    chalkboards; easels for painting; flannel boards; lite bright; magnet boards (or
    fridge); windows and mirrors; white boards, etc. Children can also make sticker
    pictures; do rubber ink-stamping; use reuseable stickers to make pictures; complete
    puzzles with thick knobs; use magna-doodle and etch-a-sketch as well. The benefits
    for these include: having the child's wrist positioned to develop good thumb
    movements; they help develop good fine motor muscles; the child is using the arm
    and shoulder muscles.
    Fine Motor Activities
    Moulding and rolling play dough into balls - using the palms of the
    hands facing each other and with fingers curled slightly towards the palm.
    Rolling play dough into tiny balls (peas) using only the finger tips.
    Using pegs or toothpicks to make designs in play dough.
    Cutting play dough with a plastic knife or with a pizza wheel by holding
    the implement in a diagonal volar grasp.
    Tearing newspaper into strips and then crumpling them into balls. Use
    to stuff scarecrow or other art creation.
    Scrunching up 1 sheet of newspaper in one hand. This is a super
    strength builder.
    Using a plant sprayer to spray plants, (indoors, outdoors) to spray snow
    (mix food colouring with water so that the snow can be painted), or melt
    "monsters". (Draw monster pictures with markers and the colours will run
    when sprayed.)
    Picking up objects using large tweezers such as those found in the
    "Bedbugs" game. This can be adapted by picking up Cheerios, small cubes,
    small marshmallows, pennies, etc., in counting games.
    Shaking dice by cupping the hands together, forming an empty air space
    between the palms.
    Using small-sized screwdrivers like those found in an erector set.
    Lacing and sewing activities such as stringing beads, Cheerios,
    macaroni, etc.
    Using eye droppers to "pick up" coloured water for colour mixing or
    to make artistic designs on paper.
    Rolling small balls out of tissue paper, then gluing the balls onto
    construction paper to form pictures or designs.
    Turning over cards, coins, checkers, or buttons, without bringing them to
    the edge of the table.
    Making pictures using stickers or self-sticking paper reinforcements.
    Playing games with the "puppet fingers" -the thumb, index, and middle
    fingers. At circle time have each child's puppet fingers tell about what
    happened over the weekend, or use them in songs and finger plays.
    Place a variety of forms (eg. blocks, felt, paper, string, yarn, cereal,
    cotton) on outlines
    Match shapes, colour, or pictures to a page and paste them within the
    Self-Care Skills
    Fastening Snaps
    Using a screwdriver
    Locking and unlocking a door
    Winding a clock
    Opening and closing jars
    Rolling out dough or other simple cooking activities
    Washing plastic dishes
    Sweeping the floor
    Scissor Activities
    When scissors are held correctly, and when they fit a child's hand well, cutting
    activities will exercise the very same muscles which are needed to manipulate a pencil
    in a mature tripod grasp. The correct scissor position is with the thumb and middle
    finger in the handles of the scissors, the index finger on the outside of the handle to
    stabilize, with fingers four and five curled into the palm.
    Cutting junk mail, particularly the kind of paper used in magazine
    subscription cards.
    Making fringe on the edge of a piece of construction paper.
    Cutting play dough or clay with scissors.
    Cutting straws or shredded paper.
    Use a thick black line to guide cutting the following:
    A fringe from a piece of paper
    Cut off corners of a piece of paper
    Cut along curved lines
    Cut lines with a variety of angles
    Cut figures with curves and angles
    Sensory Activities
    The following activities ought to be done frequently to increase postural muscle
    strength and endurance. These activities also strengthen the child's awareness of
    his/her hands.
    Wheelbarrow walking, crab walking
    Clapping games (loud/quiet, on knees together, etc.)
    Catching (clapping) bubbles between hands
    Pulling off pieces of thera-putty with individual fingers and thumb
    Drawing in a tactile medium such as wet sand, salt, rice, or "goop".
    Make "goop" by adding water to cornstarch until you have a mixture similar
    in consistency to toothpaste. The "drag" of this mixture provides feedback to
    the muscle and joint receptors, thus facilitating visual motor control.
    Picking out small objects like pegs, beads, coins, etc., from a tray of salt,
    sand, rice, or putty. Try it with eyes closed too. This helps develop sensory
    awareness in the hands.
    Midline Crossing
    Establishment of hand dominance is still developing at this point. The following
    activities will facilitate midline crossing:
    Encourage reaching across the body for materials with each hand. It
    may be necessary to engage the other hand in an activity to prevent
    switching hands at midline.
    Refrain specifically from discouraging a child from using the left hand
    for any activity. Allow for the natural development of hand dominance by
    presenting activities at midline, and allowing the child to choose freely.
    Start making the child aware of the left and right sides of his body
    through spontaneous comments like, "kick the ball with your right leg." Play
    imitation posture games like "Simon Says" with across the body movements.
    When painting at easel, encourage the child to paint a continuous line
    across the entire paper- also from diagonal to diagonal.
  12. Msz

    Msz Established commenter

    I use a Busy Finger Box in the classroom but you could easily find most things at home

    1. Pegs &ndash;

    You need pegs of different sizes, clothes pegs, small bulldog clips,
    stationery clips etc. Get the children to use one hand only at a time. I
    usually get them to peg about 10 pegs of different sizes onto the sides
    of a gift bag. They might put them on with their left hand and take
    them off with their right.
    They can also try squeezing the pegs
    between the first finger and thumb (on each hand) then the middle finger
    and thumb and so on.

    2. Elastic bands &ndash;
    Elastic gymnastics! &ndash;
    Start by putting 2 elastic bands (the same size) around the thumb,
    first and middle fingers, ask the child to open and close the fingers.
    Then add another 2 elastic bands and so on. The more you have on, the
    harder it is to move your fingers. These exercises help to develop the
    muscles which make the web space when writing.

    3. Beads &ndash;
    beads of different sizes and thread. Ask the children to thread some
    beads onto their string. The smaller the hole obviously the harder it is
    to thread. Develops hand/eye coordination.

    4. Ball bearings and tweezers &ndash;

    Put the ball bearings in one little box and ask the child to try and
    pick one ball bearing up at a time with the tweezers and place in a
    second small box. If this is too tricky try using Hama beads and

    5. Floam / Playdough &ndash;
    These products are great
    for squeezing and rolling which provides necessary sensory feedback and
    helps to develop hand strength. Ask the children to squeeze the dough
    and roll it with the palm of their hand.

    6. Doodle board &ndash;

    The Doodleboard is just a way of children practising handwriting
    patterns or letters without having to commit them to paper. Provide some
    patterns and shapes to copy.

    7. Gummed Shapes &ndash;
    Give the
    children a sheet of plain paper and ask them to make patterns or
    pictures with the gummed shapes. Just picking up on shape at a time,
    licking it and then sticking it down all help to develop hand/eye
    coordination and the pincer grip.

    8. Hama Beads &ndash;
    Hama beads
    are good for pincer grip and hand/eye coordination. The children have
    patterned sheets to copy and peg boards to put them on.

    9. Lacing cards &ndash;
    Also good for hand/eye coordination. Just give each child one card to lace.

    10. Bean bags &ndash;

    Give a child 4-5 bean bags and place a container about 3 feet infront
    of them. Ask the child to try and get as many beanbags in the container
    as possible. (Hand/eye coordination)

    11. Chalk and blackboard &ndash;

    If you can, try and wedge the blackboard between two tables and provide
    the child with a piece of chalk in each hand. Ask them to draw the same
    pattern with both hands at the same time on both sides of the board.
    This helps develop bilateral movement.
    Allow the children to draw
    patterns, shapes and letter shapes on the blackboard. The chalk gives
    sensory feedback and sound simultaneously.

    12. Stencils &ndash;
    Children can use the stencils to make a picture. Helps develop pencil control and special awareness among other things.

    13. Feathers &ndash;
    Ask the children to try and balance a feather on different parts of their body. This helps to develop balance and coordination.

    14. Handhugger pens &ndash;
    Hand hugger pens are the triangular shaped pens. These help the children to establish a better pencil grip.

    15. Tissue paper strips &ndash;

    Place the child&rsquo;s palm (at the wrist) on the end of a strip of tissue
    paper. Ask them to only use their middle finger to get the paper to
    scrunch up under their hand.
    Repeat, but this time place the side of
    the child&rsquo;s hand on one end of the tissue strip and ask them to only
    use their thumb to scrunch up the paper and bring it under their hand.
    These activities really help to develop the hand arch, web space and muscle tone of the hand.

    16. Stickers &ndash;
    Children love stickers. Just peeling them off provides an opportunity to develop fine motor skills and hand/eye coordination.

    17. Peg boards &ndash;
    These can be peg boards where the child has to place pegs in the holes, maybe copying patterns.
    They can be the boards with plastic pegs already on where they have to stretch elastic bands between them to make patterns.
  13. Many, many thanks Msz for all the fab ideas.
  14. Thanks again for fab ideas.
    When the children are ready to pick up a pencil is there a standard 'patter' to help them e.g. for letter 'a' - 'all the way round, up down and flick'.
    Does anyone know the patter for the rest of the alphabet?
    Any help much appreciated.
  15. Msz

    Msz Established commenter

    Curly caterpillar family
    Anticlockwise movements
    c round

    o round, round and join

    a round, up, down and flick

    d round, up, up, down, down and flick

    g round, up, down, down and round

    q round, up, down, down and tick

    s round and round the other way

    f round, down, down and round - across

    e across and round
    one armed robot family
    down, up and over movements

    r down, up and over a bit

    n down, up, over, down and flick

    m down, up, over and down, up, over, down and flick

    h down, down, up a bit, over, down and flick

    b down, down, up a bit, over and round

    p down, down, up, up, over and round

    k down, down, up a bit, over, round, out and flick

    long ladder family
    mainly down and round movements

    l down, down and flick

    i down and flick - dot

    t down and flick - across

    j down, down and round - dot

    u down, round, up, down and flick

    y down, round, up, down, down and round

    zig zag monster
    diagonal movements

    v down, up

    w down, up, down, up

    x down, stop - down, stop

    z across, down, across

  16. Many thanks for your help - very much appreciated.


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